Cùng chinh phục các bài tập thì hiện tại đơn

Hôm nay với bài viết này, mời các bạn cùng IELTS Junior ôn lại ngữ pháp về thì hiện tại đơn – 1 trong số 12 thì căn bản của tiếng Anh qua phần tổng quát kiến thức và các dạng bài tập thì hiện tại đơn nhỏ nhé!

Tổng quát kiến thức

Định nghĩa và công dụng

Thì hiện tại đơn – Present Simple là 1 trong số 12 thì căn bản của tiếng Anh hiện đại. Nó có các công dụng chính sau:

Xác định một tình huống hoặc sự kiện trong thời điểm hiện tại.

E.g.: She walks to school. (Cô ấy đi bộ đến trường.)

Diễn tả một hành động lặp đi lặp lại, theo thói quen.

E.g.: I always get up at 6 am. (Tôi luôn dậy lúc 6h sáng.)

Diễn tả một hành động theo lịch trình, thời gian biểu.

E.g.: Trains arrive at the station at 9 am every day. (Xe lửa đến ga lúc 9h sáng mỗi ngày.)

Diễn tả một sự thật hiển nhiên.

E.g.: The sun rises and sets every day. (Mặt trời mọc và lặn hằng ngày.)

Diễn tả suy nghĩ, cảm xúc, cảm giác.

E.g.: I think he is a doctor. (Tôi nghĩ anh ta là bác sĩ.)

Công thức

Ta có các công thức của thì hiện tại đơn như sau:

Với động từ to be

  • Khẳng định: S + am/ is/ are + N/ Adj

E.g.: They are teachers. She is a student. (Họ là giáo viên. Cô ấy là một sinh viên.)

  • Phủ định: S + am/ is/ are + not + N/ Adj

E.g.: They are not / aren’t teachers. She is not / isn’t a student. (Họ không phải là giáo viên. Cô ấy không phải là sinh viên.)

  • Nghi vấn Y/N: Am/Are/Is (not) + S + N/Adj?

E.g.: Are you hungry? (Bạn có đói không?)

Yes, I am. / No, I am not.

  • Nghi vấn WH-: WH-word + am/is/ are + S +…?

E.g.: Who is he? (Anh ta là ai?)

He is my cousin. (Anh ta là anh họ tôi.)

Với động từ thường

Khẳng định: S + V (s/es) + …

E.g.: It often rains in summer. (Trời thường mưa vào mùa hè.)

Phủ định: S + do/ does + not + V-infinitive

E.g.: The sun does not/doesn’t rise in the West. (Mặt trời không mọc ở phía Tây.)

  • Nghi vấn Y/N: Do/ Does (not) + S + V-infinitive

E.g.: Does he walk to work every day? (Anh ta đi bộ đi làm mỗi ngày à?)

Yes, he does. / No, he does not (doesn’t).

  • Nghi vấn WH-: WH-word + do/does + S +…?

E.g.: Why do you want to learn English? (Tại sao bạn muốn học tiếng Anh?)

Because I want to go study abroad. (Vì tôi muốn đi du học.)

Dấu hiệu nhận biết

Ta có thể nhận biết thì hiện tại đơn qua ngữ cảnh, hoặc qua các trạng từ chỉ tần suất:

  • Always: luôn luôn
  • Usually: thường thường
  • Often/ Frequently/ Regularly: thường
  • Sometimes: đôi khi
  • Seldom/ Rarely/ Hardly: hiếm khi
  • Never: không bao giờ

E.g.: She never wears jeans. (Cô ấy không bao giờ mặc quần jeans.)

We go to the restaurant sometimes. (Chúng tôi đôi khi đến nhà hàng.)

Sau khi đã xem lại kiến thức về thì hiện tại đơn, IELTS Junior mời các bạn làm qua những bài tập nhỏ dưới đây.

Bài tập luyện tập về thì hiện tại đơn

Bài tập cơ bản

Bài 1: Fill in the blank with the correct word form

  1. I ______ (like) reading fairy tales.
  2. We always ______ (tidy) the room.
  3. My cousin ______ (go) to the disco every Sunday.
  4. He ______ (wash) his hands.
  5. My brother ______ (ride) a horse.
  6. Koalas ______ (climb) up trees.
  7. This girl ______ (talk) a lot.
  8. These women ______ (cook) very well.
  9. She ______ (do) her homework.
  10. You ______ (watch) too much television.

Bài 2: Write the negative sentences, using Present Simple

E.g.: I live in Ho Chi Minh city. 

  • I don’t live in Hanoi.
  1. He plays tennis.
  • He _________ golf.
  1. Our dog sleeps on our sofa.
  • Our dog _________ on our bed.
  1. We eat fruit.
  • We _________ meat.
  1. She studies English.
  • She _________ French.
  1. It snows in winter.
  • It _________ in summer.
  1. I watch movies in the evening.
  • I _________ movie in the morning.
  1. Mary is a teacher.
  • She _________ a doctor
  1. They like to eat pasta.
  • They _________ to eat pizza.
  1. This family goes on foot.
  • They _________ by bus.
  1. I am a student.
  • I _________ a worker.

Bài 3: Form the questions, using Present Simple

  1. They like reading books.
  2. We live in a big city.
  3. I play the xylophone.
  4. They are my friends.
  5. We are scientists.
  6. The monkey eats bananas.
  7. They are Austrian.
  8. Homer listens to the radio.
  9. Elephants eat sugarcanes.
  10. Sally has a cat.

Bài tập nâng cao

Bài 4: Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs given

Hello, my name is Diana and this is my family.

My mother’s name is Victoire. She is a housewife and she is 37 years old. She __________ (get up) at seven o’clock and __________ (prepare) breakfast for us. She __________ (clean) our house and __________ (cook) delicious meals. She __________ (enjoy) listening to the radio and watching films on TV. She sometimes __________ (read) magazines.

My father’s name is Johnny and he is 40 years old. He is an office worker. He __________ (go) to work after breakfast and __________ (come) back home at about five in the afternoon. He is a successful tennis player and he __________ (play) tennis in his free time. 

My younger brother is Thomas and he is 7 years old. He is very naughty. He __________ (study) at a primary school near our house. Sometimes he __________ (not do) his homework. He usually __________ (play) with his friends in the playground or __________ (go) online.

My elder brother Julius is 15 years old and he is a student at a high school. He __________ (like) music very much and he __________ (play) the guitar in a band. He __________ (attend) a football course three days a week.

My sister Anne is 12 years old and she is a student, too. Her school is far from our house, so she __________ (take) the bus. She is a hardworking student. She always __________ (do) her homework and __________ (get) good marks. She __________ (love) going to the cinema and reading adventure novels, but she __________ (hate) playing video games.

All the family members __________ (spend) time together at weekends. On Saturdays, we usually __________ (go) to a shopping mall. We __________ (do) some shopping and __________ (watch) a film at the cinema. After shopping, we __________ (drive) to the seaside and __________ (drink) something at a cafe.

I _______ (love) my family very much and I _____ (enjoy) spending time with them.

Bài 5: Fill in the verbs in brackets in the correct form either Present Continuous or Present Simple.

  1. You’ll know Sarah when you _______  her. (see)
  2. I _______ we slept that night. (not / think)
  3. Don’t talk. I _______ to hear about it. (not / want)
  4. He _______ for President in this election. (not / run)
  5. Why aren’t you drinking your coffee? It _______ cold. (get)
  6. I _______ such small cats. (not / like)
  7. The boy _______ severe punishment. (deserve)
  8. The sun _______ now. (rise)
  9. Who _______ you _______ for? (wait)
  10. What _______ you _______ about his proposal? (think)

Đáp án

Bài 1: 

  1. Like
  2. Tidy
  3. Goes
  4. Washes
  5. Rides
  6. Climb
  7. Talks
  8. Cook
  9. Does
  10. Watch

Bài 2:

  1. Doesn’t play
  2. Doesn’t sleep
  3. Don’t eat
  4. Doesn’t study
  5. Doesn’t snow
  6. Don’t watch
  7. Is not / isn’t
  8. Don’t like
  9. Don’t go
  10. Am not

Bài 3:

  1. Do they like reading books?
  2. Do you live in a big city?
  3. Do you play the xylophone?
  4. Are they your friends?
  5. Are you scientists?
  6. What does the monkey eat?
  7. Are they Austrian?
  8. Does Homer listen to the radio?
  9. Do elephants eat sugarcanes?
  10. Does Sally have a cat?

Bài 4:

Hello, my name is Diana and this is my family.

My mother’s name is Victoire. She is a housewife and she is 37 years old. She gets up at seven o’clock and prepares breakfast for us. She cleans our house and cooks delicious meals. She enjoys listening to the radio and watching films on TV. She sometimes reads magazines.

My father’s name is Johnny and he is 40 years old. He is an office worker. He goes to work after breakfast and comes back home at about five in the afternoon. He is a successful tennis player and he plays tennis in his free time. 

My younger brother is Thomas and he is 7 years old. He is very naughty. He studies at a primary school near our house. Sometimes he doesn’t do his homework. He usually plays with his friends in the playground or goes online.

My elder brother Julius is 15 years old and he is a student at a high school. He likes music very much and he plays the guitar in a band. He attends a football course three days a week.

My sister Anne is 12 years old and she is a student, too. Her school is far from our house, so she takes the bus. She is a hardworking student. She always does her homework and gets good marks. She loves going to the cinema and reading adventure novels, but she hates playing video games.

All the family members spend time together at weekends. On Saturdays, we usually go to a shopping mall. We do some shopping and watch a film at the cinema. After shopping, we drive to the seaside and drink something at a cafe.

I love my family very much and I enjoy spending time with them.

Bài 5:

  1. See
  2. Don’t think
  3. Don’t want
  4. Is not running
  5. Is getting
  6. Don’t like
  7. Deserves
  8. Is rising
  9. Are – waiting
  10. Do – think

Hy vọng sau khi đọc qua bài viết và hoàn thành các bài tập nhỏ trên, các bạn đã có thể hệ thống lại kiến thức tổng quát về thì hiện tại đơn – Present Simple để có thể sử dụng thì này một cách hiệu quả và chính xác nhất. Chúc các bạn học tốt và IELTS Junior hẹn các bạn ở những bài viết sau!

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